Skills of a solution architect architect

Being a solutions architect requires more than a broad technical background. Social skills, management skills and leadership as at least as important.

In general, architects must be able to create a good working relationship with a diverse group of people. Not only project managers, project members, but also business representatives, system managers and enterprise architects. And they need sufficient management skills to manage the technical issues in a project. This includes making decisions on prioritization and handling unforeseen technical issues.

A solution architect must be seen as the technical leader in a project by not only all project members and the project leader (who needs to completely trust the architect on technical topics), but also by the other stakeholders of the project. There must be no uncertainty with senior management, the end users, or the system managers that the solution architect is the person to set the direction of the overall technical solution in a project.

This does not mean that the architect must be a specialist on all technologies used in the project, but he must have enough technical background and experience to be seen as a leader.

In order to perform as a true leader and technical manager I think solution architects should have more than ten years’ experience in IT related functions. This experience is necessary to gain confidence in their own skills, and to have enough technical background to value and create the architecture of a solution.

Experience is typically gained when working in various roles, leading to the architect role. This is why many solution architects have a so-called T- profile.

2013-02/t-profile.jpg

Figure: T-Profile

This means that they have a broad general knowledge in many technical areas (the top of the T- shape) and one technical area in which they are specialists (the vertical line in the T- shape). This specialism helps them not only in projects using that specific technology, but helps them also to understand technical specialists in general.

In case of an infrastructure architect the specialist knowledge should be infrastructures and the general knowledge should encompass the way the business works, the way applications are used, programming techniques, security procedures, etc.

Preferably, architects have worked for a number of organizations. This way they are used to working in various technical and cultural environments. Working in multiple technical environments helps the architect in understanding why certain solutions work well and others work less well. Also, the way a solution is created can vary from vendor to vendor. Being exposed to solutions built by multiple vendors helps architects value a given solution and help them coming up with new solutions based on earlier experience.

Working in multiple cultures is of much value as well. Working in a banking environment, for instance, is completely different then working in education or working for a production factory. In commercial environments making profit is key, while in the public sector public service is of much more value. Having experienced these differences, architects can be inspired to provide the best solution for most clients.


This entry was posted on Friday 01 March 2013

Earlier articles

Infrastructure as code

My Book

DevOps for infrastructure

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

(Hyper) Converged Infrastructure

Object storage

Software Defined Networking (SDN) and Network Function Virtualization (NFV)

Software Defined Storage (SDS)

What's the point of using Docker containers?

Identity and Access Management

Using user profiles to determine infrastructure load

Public wireless networks

Supercomputer architecture

Desktop virtualization

Stakeholder management

x86 platform architecture

Midrange systems architecture

Mainframe Architecture

Software Defined Data Center - SDDC

The Virtualization Model

What are concurrent users?

Performance and availability monitoring in levels

UX/UI has no business rules

Technical debt: a time related issue

Solution shaping workshops

Architecture life cycle

Project managers and architects

Using ArchiMate for describing infrastructures

Kruchten’s 4+1 views for solution architecture

The SEI stack of solution architecture frameworks

TOGAF and infrastructure architecture

The Zachman framework

An introduction to architecture frameworks

How to handle a Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack

Architecture Principles

Views and viewpoints explained

Stakeholders and their concerns

Skills of a solution architect architect

Solution architects versus enterprise architects

Definition of IT Architecture

What is Big Data?

How to make your IT "Greener"

What is Cloud computing and IaaS?

Purchasing of IT infrastructure technologies and services

IDS/IPS systems

IP Protocol (IPv4) classes and subnets

Infrastructure Architecture - Course materials

Introduction to Bring Your Own Device (BYOD)

IT Infrastructure Architecture model

Fire prevention in the datacenter

Where to build your datacenter

Availability - Fall-back, hot site, warm site

Reliabilty of infrastructure components

Human factors in availability of systems

Business Continuity Management (BCM) and Disaster Recovery Plan (DRP)

Performance - Design for use

Performance concepts - Load balancing

Performance concepts - Scaling

Performance concept - Caching

Perceived performance

Ethical hacking

Computer crime

Introduction to Cryptography

Introduction to Risk management

The history of UNIX and Linux

The history of Microsoft Windows

The history of Novell NetWare

The history of operating systems - MS-DOS

The history of Storage

The history of Networking

The first computers

History of servers

Tips for getting your ITAC certificate

Studying TOGAF

Is your data safe in the cloud?

Proof of concept

Who needs a consistent backup?

Measuring Enterprise Architecture Maturity

Human factors in security

Master Certified IT Architect

ITAC certification

Open group ITAC /Open CA Certification

Human factors in security

Google outage

SAS 70

TOGAF 9 - What's new?

DYA: Development without architecture

Spam is big business

Why IT projects fail

Power and cooling

Let system administrators participate in projects

The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People

Archimate

A meeting with John Zachman

ITAC - IT Architect certification

Personal Information is Personal Property

The Irresistible Forces Meet the Movable Objects

Hardeningscheck and hack testing for new servers

Knowledge management

Information Lifecycle Management - What is ILM

LEAP: The Redmond trip

LEAP: The last Dutch masterclasses

What do system administrators do?

Is software ever finished?

SCADA systems

LEAP - Halfway through the Dutch masterclasses

Securing data: The Castle versus the Tank

Non-functional requirements

LEAP - Microsoft Lead Enterprise Architect Program

Reasons for making backups

Log analysis - Use your logging information

Archivering data - more than backup

Patterns in IT architecture

Layers in IT security

High performance clusters and grids

Zachman architecture model

High Availability clusters

Monitoring by system administrators

What is VMS?

IT Architecture certifications

Storage Area Networks (SAN)

Documentation for system administrators

Rootkits

Presentations: PowerPoint sheets are not enough

99,999% availability

Linux certification: RHCE and LPI

IT Infrastructure model

Sjaak Laan


Recommended links

Ruth Malan
Gaudi site
Esther Barthel's site on virtualization
Eltjo Poort's site on architecture


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The postings on this site are my opinions and do not necessarily represent CGI’s strategies, views or opinions.

 

Copyright Sjaak Laan